''MISSISSIPPI'' Philadelphia: Anthony Finley, c. 1827, from The New General Atlas. Very fine engraved map with full original hand-coloring.(Image: 11 1/4 x 8 1/2'')
This handsome historical map depicts Mississippi with counties named & in contrasting colors. Topographical features are depicted with major cities, towns, and waterways identified. Major wagon roads are also shown. Indian Boundary lines and Missionary Stations are shown, along with a number of early forts.
This map is particularly important due to the rapidly changing American Indian situation in the northern portion of the state. When this map was published in 1827, the northern portion was a confined territory assigned to the Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians who would soon be forcibly relocated westward in the infamous Trail of Tears.
Several roadways run through the Chickasaw and Choctaw territories: Old Natchez Road (Natchez Trace), Robinson Road, & Jackson's Road. These roadways were primarily traveled by missionaries and a hardy group known as Kaintucks (river men who transported goods down the Mississippi from Kentucky, Ohio and Indiana). They would return north by land from Jackson to Nashville, where they could once again navigate the rivers back to their beginning point. In the early 19th century over 10,000 Kaintucks a year used these roads. The Robinson Road was also the primary postal route.
Shipped in archival 20x16'' mat