Original leaf from a manuscript Spanish Antiphonal on animal parchment. (495 x 365mm – 19 1/2 x 14 3/8’’)
The manuscript text & music (six lines of music on a five-line stave) were beautifully executed by hand over 400 years ago!!!
Spain, c. 1550-1600 –this Choirbook once belonged to the Church of San Miguel, Pinã de Campos in Palencia, and was likely scribed there.
One illuminated initial in red surrounded by intricate violet penwork; one exceptional knot-work (cadel) initial.
The knot-work "N" begins Psalm 88 (King James 89)23: ''Nihil...'' (The enemy shall have no advantage over him: nor the son of iniquity have the power to hurt him).
Antiphonals contain chants for the canonical hours of the Divine Office: first vespers or the vigil of great feasts, matins, lauds, prime, terce, sext, none, vespers and compline.
As is usual with Medieval and Renaissance parchment, the hair side of the leaf is darker than the flesh side, but may take ink somewhat better. The differences in tone caused scribes to arrange their quires so that the hair side of one sheet faced the hair side of the next, and the flesh side faced the flesh side.