Bronze Coin - AE 3/4, Ancient Rome c. 317-337 AD
CONSTANTINE II (son of Constantine the Great)
Obv: CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C - Laureate head of Constantine II, right
Rev: 2 soldiers & 2 standards
S-R3851v, 17mm, 3.15gm
Mint State, Silvered
The eldest son of Constantine the Great and Fausta, after the death of his half-brother Crispus, Constantine II was born in Arles in February 316 and raised as a Christian. On March 1, 317, he was made Caesar. In 323, at the age of seven, he took part in his father's campaign against the Sarmatians.
At age ten, he became commander of Gaul, following the death of Crispus. An inscription dating to 330 records the title of Alamannicus, so it is probable that his generals won a victory over the Alamanni. His military career continued when Constantine I made him field commander during the 332 campaign against the Goths.
Following the death of his father in 337, Constantine II initially became emperor jointly with his brothers Constantius II and Constans, with the Empire divided between them and their cousins, the Caesars Dalmatius and Hannibalianus. This arrangement barely survived Constantine I’s death, as his sons arranged the slaughter of most of the rest of the family by the army.
As a result, the three brothers gathered together in Pannonia and there, on September 9, 337, divided the Roman world between themselves. Constantine, proclaimed Augustus by the troops received Gaul, Britannia and Hispania.