Gold Solidus - Eastern Rome/Byzantine c. 527-565 AD
Ruler: Justinian I (the Great)
Obv: Cuirassed & helmeted facing bust of Justinian
Rev: Winged Victory with Cross on Globe
(Sear-B140), 20mm, 4.42gm
Justinian I, traditionally known as Justinian the Great and also Saint Justinian in the Orthodox Church, was a Byzantine (East Roman) emperor from 527 to 565. During his reign, Justinian sought to revive the empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the historical Roman Empire.
One of the most important figures of late antiquity and possibly the last Roman emperor to speak Latin as a first language, Justinian's rule constitutes a distinct epoch in the history of the Later Roman empire. The impact of his administration extended far beyond the boundaries of his time and domain. Justinian's reign is marked by the ambitious but only partly realized renovatio imperii, or "restoration of the Empire".He engaged in building projectis in Constantinope, including the great church of St Sophia, and was also noted for his administrative reorganization of the imperial government and for his sponsorship of a codification of Roman laws known as the Codex Justinianus.